Hydroelectric plants © Siemens Stiftung 2020 CC BY-SA 4.0 international

Hydroelectric plants

Interactive

Information module:
An overview of the individual types of hydroelectric plants and how they work.

English, Spanish, German
Interactive
SWF (414.5 kByte) HTML (1.9 MByte)
2021-03-22
Hydroelectric plants convert water’s mechanical energy to electric energy. Different designs are used, depending on the natural conditions and form of energy to be used.
The information module first provides a brief explanation of the plant types that primarily use the kinetic energy of water.
• Run-of-river power plant (principle shown with animation)
• Tidal power plant (principle shown with animation)
• Wave power plant (principle shown with animation)
Next come the types of plants that use the potential energy of water:
• Storage power plant (principle shown with graphics)
• Pumped storage plant (principle shown with animation).

Information and ideas:
What do the locations of the different hydroelectric power plants have to do with geography? What would be a good place to build more hydroelectric plants? What is the share of hydropower in the power mix?
Information sheet
Geography; Physics; Technology
Grade 5 to 6; Grade 7 to 9; Grade 10 to 13
Middle/high school; Vocational training
Ecology; Environment (general); Environmental change; Environmental protection; Hydroelectric plant; Power generation; Renewable energy; Turbine
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