Stoma on the leaf of a tomato plant © Siemens Stiftung 2016 CC BY-SA 4.0 international

Stoma on the leaf of a tomato plant

Image

Photo:
Leaf of a tomato plant – macroscopically and microscopically.

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Image (421.9 kByte)
2018-10-26
Evaporation is vital for plants.
Its leaves are covered on all surfaces by epidermal cells, which are protected by a layer of wax (cuticle) on the outside, making it hard for water vapor (as well as for oxygen and CO2) to permeate the surfaces. Gas is exchanged with the environment through stomata. These stomata consist of two bean-shaped guard cells, which regulate the gas exchange of the leaf and thus can also control the evaporation rate in the range of two orders of magnitude.

Information and ideas:
The microscopic photo originates from an electron microscope.
Illustration
Biology
Grade 5 to 6; Grade 7 to 9; Grade 10 to 13
Middle/high school
Environment (general); Leaf (plant); Water; Water cycle
Siemens Stiftung Media Portal
MediaHouse GmbH using a photo from: Dartmouth Electron Microscope Facility (licence: CC0)
© Siemens Stiftung 2016
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